國立陽明大學心智哲學研究所 九十八學年度 第二學期 研究所課程

形上學
Metaphysics



授課教師王文方 教授

學分數3 學分

上課時間:星期一 14:30-17:30

上課教室心智哲學研究所會議室

教學目標

透過形上學經典論文之閱讀與討論,奠定學生紮實的形上學基礎,以作為研究特定哲學問題的理論基石。

授課進度

Date

Feature

Week 1

1. The Nature of Metaphysics: Peter van Inwagen.

Week 2

2. Descriptive and Revisionary Metaphysics: Susan Haack.

Week 3

3. On What There Is: W. V. O. Quine.

Week 4

4. Ontological Commitments: William P. Alston.

Week 5

5. Quantifiers: Susan Haack.

Week 6

6. Identity and Substitutivity: Richard Cartwright.

Week 7

7. Possible Worlds and Possibilia: William G. Lycan.
8. Possible Worlds: David Lewis.

Week 8

9. Possible Worlds: Robert Stalnaker.
10. Ways Worlds Could Be: Peter Forrest.

Week 9

11. Universals and Properties: George Bealer.
12. On Properties: Hilary Putnam.

Week 10

13. New Work for a Theory of Universals: David Lewis.
14. Against Structural Universals: David Lewis.

Week 11

15. A Theory of Structural Universals: John Bigelow and Robert Pargetter.
16. Beyond Substrata and Bundles: A Prolegomenon to a Substance Ontology: Michael J. Loux.

Week 12

17. Bare Particulars: Edwin B. Allaire.
18. Particulars Re-Clothed: V. C. Chappell.

Week 13

19. Another Look at Bare Particulars: Edwin B. Allaire.
20. Three Versions of the Bundle Theory: James Van Cleve.

Week 14

21. Ontologies of Events: Lawrence Brian Lombard.
22. The Individuation of Events: Donald Devidson.

Week 15

23. Events as Property Exemplifications: Jaegwon Kim.
24. Tropes and Other Things: Cynthia Macdonald.

Week 16

25. The Metaphysic of Abstract Particulars: Keith Campbell.
26. Particulars in Particular Clothing: Three Trope Theories of Substance: Peter Simmons.

Week 17

27. Mathematical Objectivity and Mathematical objects: Hartry Field.
28. Philosophy of Logic: Hilary Putnam.

Week 18

29. What Numbers Could Not Be: Paul Benacerraf.

指定閱讀及參考書目

指定閱讀書目:
Laurence, S. and Macdonald, C. (eds.). (1998). Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics.
Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

學生責任

  • Attending classes and participating in discussions
  • In-class presentations of the assigned papers
  • A term paper

成績考核

Class performance: 20%
Term paper: 80%

 

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