biophotonic

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Biophotonics  
Biophotonics is the science of generating and harnessing light (photons) to image, detect and manipulate biological materials, particularly for live specimen in a non-invasive configuration. It is used in biology to probe for molecular mechanisms, function and structure. It is used in medicine to study tissue and blood at the macro (large-scale) and micro (very small scale) organism level to detect, diagnose and treat diseases in a way that are non-invasive to the body. The development of biophotonics calls for the inter-disciplinary integration that includes biology, medicine, photonics, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, information science, as well as physics and chemistry with focus on cutting edge life sciences. Due to its tremendous potentials and promises, biophotonics has become one of the fastest growing disciplines in many countries. biophotonics
   
Applications of Biophotonics in Clinical and Basic Researches  
Photonics technologies originated from spectroscopy, laser, microscopy, bio-imaging, biosensing, ..etc have found various applications in clinical and basic researches that exemplify the discipline of biophotonics. The success of DNA and protein chips also serves as one of the most noted examples that are resulted from the integration of bio- and semiconductor technologies.  
   
Prominent examples as of the significant contribution of biophotonics  
Since the completion of Human Genome Project in 2000, the next challenge for biological science is to translate the one-dimensional sequence information into the two-dimensional protein targets, which form the three-dimensional molecular structure and function of the proteins. The resulting multidimensional interactions among the protein molecules in a living cell will lead to the understanding of the “code” (signals) in a living cell. Information regarding gene expression and protein structure alone is therefore not sufficient to decipher the critical cellular mechanisms. The investigation of intricate interaction of protein molecules at specific temporal and spatial framework is thus required to elucidate a particular cellular event. The rapid advancement of novel photonics technologies over the last decade has enabled. bio3
   
The breakthroughs in modern bio-medical researches as a result of interdisciplinary integration  
Taking the development of microscopy for example: it was originated in late 16th century in Holland and was consisted of only two lenses in its original form. The use of optical microscopy have generated numerous important discoveries in 19th century, such as Brownian motion, nucleus of plant cells in 1830, the establishment of cell based structure in all life forms by Schleiden in 1838, the relationship between bacteria and pathegen by Pasteur in 1860..etc. To break the optical diffraction limit, Max Knoll and Ernst Ruska came up with methods in focusing the electron beam and invented the scanning and transmission electron microscope, which have enabled unprecedented view and insight into material structures and have become one of the most important tools in modern science and technology. In 1981, Gerd Benning and Heinrich Rohrer co-invented the scanning tunneling microscope, allowing direct observation of sub-atomics structure. Under similar principles, the invention of atomic force microscope in 1990’s hasbecome an indispensable tool in modern material science. The above inventions and their corresponding applications exemplify the impact and achievement in inter-disciplinary integration bio4
   
The indispensable role of biophotonics in the prospective bio-technology  
In the future, catch medicine photoelectric project traditional engineering application or field studying can't break throughed make more contribution generally in before to some to believe. For example artificial research and development of electronic eyes (good news that can can see light again to person who lose one's sight, male genital is always carrying on this plan in the bright university and honour at present) ,Only restrain the effect (Optical tweezer effect) Development of technology (Have opened another window to the research of acting on each other among cell biology and single photon and single atom again [publish in Biophotonics Internationa The l number and number of June of 2000 of September of 1999 ], our institute was having relevant research that are being planned in process at present) Wait, has grown the photoelectric projects of medicine and all played a very important role. So, in twenty development in Hi-Tech in the first century, grow the photoelectric project of medicine to occupy and lead the leading position definitely. With compare by other field, our country but it is little to be suitable in engaged in research in this respect population at present, if our country should vie for it on this wave of front of development in science and technology, except must enlist outside more relevant talents to the external world, the cultivation doing a large number of relevant talents from the education system is basic methods of taking away the firewood from under the cauldron. It will be information and communication at the beginning of 21st century, such fast-developing eras as biotechnology,etc.. Photoelectric technology, for a very important ring in information and communication field, building one of eight major key technology in the plan for six years for the country, is the merger in such technology as optics, electron, machinery and material,etc.. But grow and cure photoelectric technology and combine the above two major fields for photoelectric technology (information and communication, biotechnology) Newly science and technology. In recent years, because of biological medical technology, the industry of the semiconductor, material science, accurate mechanical industry, and information industry is it push ahead vigorously to dash forward, is it research and develop with science and technology that biomedicine correlated with orientation micro- quantity examine to make, more small observation, it is feasible that the development of more accurate diagnosis is apparent. Now two major science and technology take root at home and growing vigorously, the cultivation of this combining scientific and technological talent seems important and very urgent.  
   
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